Author Guidelines

Prior to submission

Authors are requested to create an account and register. Please be reminded that only the corresponding author is allowed to register for each submission.


Cover Letter

All submissions should be accompanied by a cover letter that includes a brief overview of the manuscript and the corresponding and contacting author contact information including full name, e-mail address, phone number, and mailing address (corresponding author and contacting author.


Preparation of manuscript

The manuscript should include the following sections:

  • Title
  • Author’s full name, affiliations and contact details of the corresponding author
  • Abstract
  • Keywords (5-8 keywords)
  • Introduction
  • Materials and methods
  • Results
  • Discussion (Results and Discussion section may be combined if required)
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Figure and tables

Figures and tables are either placed in the relevant position in the manuscript or at the end of the manuscript. Figures should be in good resolution ( at least 300 dpi. Figures may be submitted in JPEG, GIF, TIFF, EPS, Excel, powerpoint or PDF formats. 


Manuscript Template

Title page

A title of not more than 12 words should be provided. Titles do not normally include numbers, acronyms, abbreviations or punctuation. They should include sufficient detail for indexing purposes but be general enough for readers outside the field to appreciate what the paper is about.


Author's information and present address

Author name: Authors must provide first name followed by surname. All contributing authors’ names should be added to the journal submission, and their names arranged in the correct order for publication.

Correct email addresses should be supplied for each author in their separate author accounts

The full name of each author must be present in their author account in the exact format they should appear for publication.

The affiliation of each contributing author should be correct in their individual author account. The affiliation listed should be where they were based at the time that the research for the paper was conducted



An Abstract is required for every paper; it should succinctly summarize the reason for the work, the main findings, and the conclusions of the study. The abstract should be no longer than 300 words. Do not include artwork, tables, elaborate equations or references to other parts of the paper or to the reference listing at the end. The reason is that the Abstract should be understandable in itself to be suitable for storage in textual information retrieval systems



Supply at least 3–6 keywords, separated with semicolons. Authors should provide appropriate and short keywords in the article submission process that encapsulate the principal topics of the paper.




This section should be succinct, with no subheadings. State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.


Materials and Methods

This part should contain sufficient detail to reproduce reported data. It can be divided into subsections if several methods are described. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.


Results and Discussion

This section may each be divided by subheadings or may be combined. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. This should explore the significance of the results of the work, don’t repeat them. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.



This section should clearly explain the main conclusions of the work, highlighting its importance and relevance.



All tables should be numbered with Arabic numerals. Headings should be placed above tables, left justified. Leave one line space between the heading and the table. All lines should be used within a table, to distinguish the column headings from the body of the table, and immediately above and below the table. Footnotes can be included below the table. Tables cannot duplicate data contained in the text. Tables must be sent in Microsoft Word and have no links to other documents. Tables prefer be embedded into the text than supplied separately. Ensure that any superscripts or asterisks are shown next to the relevant items and have corresponding explanations displayed as footnotes to the table, figure or plate. Below is an example which authors may find useful.



All Figures should be of high quality, legible and numbered consecutively with arabic numerals. All photographs, schemas, graphs, charts, web pages/screenshots, line drawings and diagrams are to be referred to as figures. Line drawings should be good quality scans or true electronic output. Low-quality scans are not acceptable. Please ensure that the prepared electronic image files print at a legible size and are of a high quality for publication. They should also be separated from the surrounding text by one space.



This unnumbered section is used to identify people who have aided the authors in accomplishing the work presented, to state conflicts of interest, and to acknowledge sources of funding. Acknowledgments should be inserted at the end of the paper, before the references, not as a footnote to the title. Use an unnumbered section heading for the acknowledgments, similar to the References heading.


Research funding         

Authors must declare all sources of external research funding in their article and a statement to this effect should appear in the Acknowledgements section. Authors should describe the role of the funder or financial sponsor in the entire research process, from study design to submission.


Table 1: Recommended fonts and sizes.

Style name

Brief description

Article Title

16 pt, bold

Author Names

10 pt, bold

Author Affiliations

10 pt


10 pt


10 pt

Heading 1

12 Pt, bold

Heading 2

12 pt, italic

Heading 3

12 pt, italic

Body Text

12 pt

Figure caption

9 pt

Table caption

9 pt



Citation style

The reference in the text should be indicated by providing the author’s name and year. If more than two authors in the published work, give only the first author’s name followed by et al. The following paragraph will give the example for citation in the text.

“The Red Sea is recognized as one of the regions of high endemism (Ormond and Edwards, 1987) and biodiversity hot spots (Berumen et al., 2013). Fishelson and Baranes (1997) studied the physiology of the marine organisms of the Red Sea. Basaham et al. (1999) provided background information about the impacts of municipal effluents on marine environment”. 

At the end of the manuscript, provide the reference list in alphabetic order.  References should be formatted according to the following style. Provide DOI for published articles wherever possible.

Articles published in journal

Berumen, M.L., Hoey, A.S., Bass, W.H., Bouwmeester, J., Catania, D., Cochran, J.E.M., Khalil, M.T., Miyake, S., Mughal, M.R., Spaet, J.L. and Saenz-Agudelo, P., 2013. The status of coral reef ecology research in the Red Sea. Coral Reefs, 32, 737-748.


Wick, A., 2016. The Red Sea. University of California Press.

Edited books

Edwards, A.J. (ed.,) 2013. Red Sea. Elsevier.

Chapters in edited books

Boicourt W.C., Kuzmić M., Sawyer Hopkins T., 1999. The Inland Sea: Circulation of Chesapeake Bay and the Northern Adriatic. In: Malone T.C., Malej A., Harding L.W., Smodlaka N., Turner R.E. (Eds.), Ecosystems at the Land-Sea Margin: Drainage Basin to Coastal Sea, American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC,  pp. 81-129,


Web references

The references cited from reports and periodicals may be cited like the standard format above by including the author’s names and year. The full URL should be given along with the date when it was accessed.